Cat vaccination

Protect your cat:

Understand the diseases that affect cats, and the vaccines available to protect against these diseases.



Feline Upper Respiratory Disease (FVRC)

While feline upper respiratory disease can be complicated by bacterial infections such as chlamhydiosis, it is primarily caused by two viruses – feline rhinotracheitis virus and feline calicivirus. These viruses are highly contagious and are easily transmitted by close contact with an infected cat. Infected cats can have flu-like symptoms: fever, runny nose and eye infections, or oral ulcers. A vaccine is available, and typically included as part of your cat’s routine protocol.


Feline Panleukopenia (Feline Parvo)

Feline panleukopenia is caused by a parvovirus. This virus is very contagious, which is particularly concerning since it can remain stable in the environment for long periods of time. The symptoms of panleukopenia include sudden onset of severe vomiting and diarrhea. A vaccine is available for this often fatal disease, and included as part of your cat’s routine protocol.



Feline Leukemia (FeLV)

Feline leukemia is a viral condition that attacks a cat’s immune system and leaves them vulnerable to many other secondary infections. The virus is shed in the saliva, urine and feces of an infected cat. Risk of exposure is therefore highest for cats that go outdoors and/or those that have direct contact with infected cats (like sharing a litter box). Although many cats that become infected can live for many years, most will succumb to FeLV-associated diseases.



Rabies is an infectious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. Following a bite from an infected animal, the disease develops slowly over days to months. In Canada, wildlife such as raccoons, skunks, foxes, and bats pose an ongoing risk of rabies. Because of the potential risk to humans, rabies vaccination is required by law in most jurisdictions.


Q: What risks are associated with vaccination?

A: Vaccination recommendations always take into consideration the health of your dog and their lifestyle. This ensures that your dog receives only necessary vaccines and that the potential for adverse reactions is minimized. Though vaccination can result in adverse effects, they are generally rare, mild, of short duration, and resolve on their own – often without treatment. The health benefits of vaccination far outweigh any risks